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The phosphor bronze 510 shim stock roll has a spring temper for dimensional stability and rigidity and contains 94.8% (nominal) copper for high corrosion resistance. This nonmagnetic material is suitable for soldering and brazing. Bronze, which is copper alloyed with tin, aluminum, silicon, or various other alloying materials, provides higher strength than pure copper or iron. The spring temper provides very high hardness and yield strength ratings for dimensional stability and rigidity during use. The roll conforms to American Society for Testing and Materials (ASTM) B103 and SAE Aerospace Materials Standards (AMS) 4510.
Shim stock is fabricated by cold rolling, which is the process of reducing a material’s thickness by passing it between two rollers. Cold rolling can cause a temper to form in the material, increasing the yield strength (the amount of force necessary to permanently bend or deform the material) as well as hardness ratings of the material. The higher its hardness and yield strength ratings, the more likely the shim is to preserve its thickness and shape over time while in use, but the harder it will be to bend and shape. Quarter-hard tempered material provides the lowest hardness and yield strength ratings and the greatest ductility of the tempers, with half-hard, three-quarters-hard, full-hard, spring, and blue tempered material respectively increasing in hardness and yield strength. Annealed shim stock has been heated and cooled to remove any temper and reinstate the material’s natural formability (ability to be bent) after it has been cold rolled.
Shim stock, which is sold in either sheets or rolls, is a very thin material that can be cut, sawed, stamped, milled, or bored into specific shapes. These fabricated pieces, also called shims, can be placed between objects for a variety of uses, including added support, improved leveling, increased insulation, tighter sealing, and better spacing. Shims can also be used to fill in gaps between machine parts that are prone to wear, avoiding costly replacement parts and lost production time. While most shim stock is sold in standard thicknesses of solid material, shim stock with laminated layers is composed of stacked foil sheets that have been pressed and heated together and that peel off to adjust the shim’s thickness to the application.
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